Tradeoffs of Inclusion: Development before Liberalism


In this video Federica Carugati from Stanford University will discuss some of her own work in progress on a hot topic in political economy: the emergence of inclusive institutions. Analyzing the evidence from Athens, she suggests that there exists a tradeoff of inclusion in a country’s road to political and economic development, and that inclusion is a gradual and instrumental process that may end, but need not begin with full political inclusion via power-sharing.


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Carugati, F. How to Build a constitution: Constitution-Making, Democracy and Growth in Classical Athens. In progress.

Elkins, Z. Ginsburg T. and Melton J. 2009. The Endurance of National Constitutions, Cambridge University Press.

North, D. Wallis, J. Weingast, B. 2009. Violence and Social Orders, Cambridge University Press.